RubySec

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CVE-2015-7579 (rails-html-sanitizer): XSS vulnerability in rails-html-sanitizer

ADVISORIES

GEM

rails-html-sanitizer

SEVERITY

CVSS v3: 6.1 (Medium)

UNAFFECTED VERSIONS

  • ~> 1.0.0
  • ~> 1.0.1

PATCHED VERSIONS

  • >= 1.0.3

DESCRIPTION

There is a XSS vulnerability in Rails::Html::FullSanitizer used by Action View’s strip_tags. This vulnerability has been assigned the CVE identifier CVE-2015-7579.

Versions Affected: 1.0.2 Not affected: 1.0.0, 1.0.1 Fixed Versions: 1.0.3

Impact

Due to the way that Rails::Html::FullSanitizer is implemented, if an attacker passes an already escaped HTML entity to the input of Action View’s strip_tags these entities will be unescaped what may cause a XSS attack if used in combination with raw or html_safe.

For example:

strip_tags("<script>alert('XSS')</script>")

Would generate:

<script>alert('XSS')</script>

After the fix it will generate:

&lt;script&gt;alert('XSS')&lt;/script&gt;

All users running an affected release should either upgrade or use one of the workarounds immediately.

Releases

The FIXED releases are available at the normal locations.

Workarounds

If you can’t upgrade, please use the following monkey patch in an initializer that is loaded before your application:

$ cat config/initializers/strip_tags_fix.rb
class ActionView::Base
  def strip_tags(html)
    self.class.full_sanitizer.sanitize(html)
  end
end

Patches

To aid users who aren’t able to upgrade immediately we have provided patches for the two supported release series. They are in git-am format and consist of a single changeset.

  • Do-not-unescape-already-escaped-HTML-entities.patch

Credits

Thank you to Arthur Neves from GitHub and Spyros Livathinos from Zendesk for reporting the problem and working with us to fix it.